What you eat takes on a whole new meaning when you have kidney disease. This section will help you understand what to eat and what to avoid or minimize as you plan your meals. You can explore creative ways to limit your fluid intake and have fun trying new recipes.

Consider the following substitutions for some of your favorite cuisines when cooking at home or dining out:

Eat This Not That
chili pepper salsa tomato-based salsa
fajitas where you can control the condiments you add avocado, mango, papaya, guava
plain rice beans, Spanish rice
pesto sauce tomato and cream sauces
breaded calamari olives and cheeses
(white pizza) pizza with chicken and peppers pizza with pepperoni, sausage, olives, anchovies
grilled fish, veal piccata, shrimp scampi cheese ravioli with tomato sauce
ginger, hot pepper oil extra soy sauce, fish sauce and MSG (monosodium glutamate)
steamed rice fried rice
grilled fish and chicken, tempura, sushi (no California rolls with avocado) or stir-fried vegetables with sauce on the side meat, fish and/or poultry mixed with sauce
string beans or corn dried beans or black-eyed peas
fried chicken with the skin removed salted/cured meats, sausages, bacon, salt pork
okra cooked greens or spinach
Fast Food
small ginger ale or lemon-lime soda milkshake
rice french fries, baked potato
regular or junior-sized hamburgers large, super- or king-sized hamburgers or cheeseburgers

Learn More About Nutrition


Reading Food Labels

Nutritional Guidelines

Cooking at Home

Dining Out

Food Substitutions

Diabetes Diet and Kidney Disease