It is no secret that doctors advise all their patients to live a healthy lifestyle; eating well, including making sure to get the recommended daily nutrients for your diet, regular exercise, getting enough sleep, managing stress, and not smoking are beneficial for everyone. However, this is particularly important for patients living with CKD, as they are 10 times more at risk for cardiovascular disease compared with the general public.

A new study, published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, has shown that adhering to generally recommended healthy lifestyle choices may lower the risk of death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) for CDK patients. Adhering to five lifestyle behaviors – having not smoked, a BMI under 30 kg/m2, moderate or no daily alcohol intake, a healthy diet, and moderate to vigorous physical activity – reduced the death risk in patients by 52%. Additionally, cardiovascular risks decreased as the number of health behaviors increased. Adherence to all five was associated with reduced risk for major coronary events (27%), ischemic stroke (38%), and heart failure (44%) when compared with adopting none of the healthy behaviors.

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